Thailand – ราชอาณาจักรไทย

Thailand has developed enormously in the last four decades and is now an upper middle-income country with Southeast Asia’s second largest economy. Although often considered a sunset industry that is overshadowed by higher-value manufacturing sectors (automotives and electronics, among them), the Thai garment and textiles sector remains a significant employer, providing jobs for some 402,779 workers - 70% of them female, and many of them migrants from neighbouring countries (Myanmar, Cambodia and Lao PDR).  With a significant domestic textiles base, it is also one of the few vertically integrated apparel supply chains in the region.

The Thai garment sector faces significant challenges amid intense regional competition and lower production costs (in places like Vietnam and Bangladesh), although it has good infrastructure, logistics and supply chain linkages, as well as having retained a niche in certain higher value product categories (advanced synthetics used in sportswear, for example). Despite all the challenges, about US$6.033 billion worth of textiles and clothing were exported in 2023, accounting for 2.45% of total exports.    



71,801,279 (2023)

Gross Domestic Product

GDP per Capita (constant USD, thousand)

$6,278.4 (2022)

Human Development Index Ranking

HDI Rank (out of 191 countries)

66 (2022)

Garment/Textile Workers

Number of workers in the garment/textile sector

402,779 (2023)

Women Workers in the Garment/Textile Industry

Percentage of women workers employed in the garment/textile industry

70.3% (2023)

Number of Garment/Textile Factories

Number of factories in the garment/textile industry

2,607 (2023)

Garment/Textile Industry Exports

(USD$ billion)

USD 6.033 billion (2023)

Garment/Textile Industry Size

Percentage of total exports

2.45% (2021)

Minimum Wage

Monthly minimum wage in USD

USD 250 - USD 280 (2024)

Key Garment/Textile Export Markets

Top five countries ($USD value exported and subsequent percentage)

Country Percentage of Exports
United States 18.65%
Japan 11.11%
Vietnam 7.47%
China 5.96%
Indonesia 4.42%

Government Entities

Government agencies actively involved in the garment/textile industry

Worker Organizations

Trade unions, Union federations, and other worker organizations

  • Labour Congress of Thailand (LCT)
  • State Enterprises Workers’ Relations Confederation (SERC)
  • Thai Trade Union Congress (TTUC)
  • National Congress Private Industrial of Employees (NCPE)
  • National Congress of Thai Labour (NCTL)
  • Federation of Textile and Garment, Sewing and Lather Goods of Thailand
  • Textile Industrial Labour Union

Employer/Industry Associations and Chambers of Commerce

Employers and industry related associations, private sectors associations and chambers of commerce

Development Agencies/ International Organizations

National and international development organizations working within the garment/textile industry

Civil Society Organizations/ Non-governmental Organizations

Organizations working within the garment/textile industry

News on Thailand


Amid record heat, even indoor factory workers enter dangerous terrain

When temperatures in Thailand shot past 112 degrees earlier this year, the government issued extreme heat warnings for large swaths of the country. It wasn't safe, officials said, to be outdoors.

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Garment Workers in Asia Need ILO Convention 190

“Ijah, you know, right, if you take maternity leave, your contract will expire? So don’t even think of taking maternity leave,” said the factory supervisor one afternoon when Ijah was about to leave her line to rest.

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VF Corporation brands – Timberland, Vans, and The North Face – set to roll out new product collections with rubber sourced from farms using regenerative agriculture practices in 2023

"VF Corporation (NYSE: VFC), a global leader in branded lifestyle apparel, footwear and accessories, today announced that several of its brands are releasing new product collections this year that tak ...

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Resources on Thailand

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