Pakistan

Islamic Republic of Pakistan │ اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاكِستان

The Pakistani textile and garment industry, with its center in the province of Punjab, is Pakistan's most important industrial sector. It contributes about 8.5 per cent to GDP and 62 per cent of export revenues. An estimated 15 million people, about 25 per cent of the total workforce, are employed in this sector, especially in areas such as leather tanning and processing with almost 3 million of those employed in a garment factory setting. Industrial productivity is low in comparison to other countries in the region.

Demand from international buyers for sustainably produced textiles is increasing. Pakistan's textile and fashion industry is facing a major modernization process, for which sustainable production will fast become a necessity.

Country Profile

Population

220,892,000 (2020)

Gross Domestic Product

constant USD

1,185 (2019)

Human Development Index Ranking

HDI (out of 189 countries)

154 (2019)

Industry

Garment/Textile Workers

Number of workers in the garment/textile sector

2,893,000

Women Workers in the Garment/Textile Industry

Percentage of women workers employed in the garment/textile industry

26.5

Number of Garment/Textile Factories

Number of factories in the garment/textile industry

9000

Garment/Textile Industry Exports

(USD$ billion)

13.3

Garment/Textile Industry Size

Percentage of total exports

62

Key Garment/Textile Export Markets

Top five countries ($USD value exported and subsequent percentage)

Country Percentage of Exports
United States 24.4%
United Kingdom 9.7%
Germany 8.0%
China 6.3%
Netherlands 6.2%
Stakeholders

Government Entities

Government agencies actively involved in the garment/textile industry

Economic Affairs Division
Ministry of Climate Change
Ministry of Commerce
Ministry of Industries, Labour and Commerce, Government of AJK
Ministry of Overseas Pakistanis and Human Resource Development
Ministry of Planning and Development
Pakistan Council of Research on Water Resources
Poverty Alleviation and Social Safety Division
Provincial Environmental Protection Agencies
Provincial Labour Department
Provincial SDGs Support Units
Provincial Youth Affairs Department
Small and Medium Enterprises Development Authority
Textile Industry Division, Government of Pakistan

Worker Organizations

Trade unions, Union federations, and other worker organizations

All Pakistan Labour Federation
Home based Women Workers Federation
HomeNet Pakistan
Insaf Workers Federation

National Trade Union Federation
Pakistan Workers Federation

Employer/Industry Associations and Chambers of Commerce

Employers and industry related associations, private sectors associations and chambers of commerce

All Pakistan Textile Mills Association
Pakistan Tanners Association
All Pakistan Processing Mills Association
Pakistan Hosiery Manufacturers and Exporters Association
Korangi Association of Trade and Industry

Development Agencies/ International Organizations

National and international development organizations working within the garment/textile industry

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

International Finance Corporation (IFC)

Market Development Facility (MDF) – Pakistan
Cleaner Production Institute
SMA Rizvi Textile Institute
Center for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment
National Textile University
University of Agriculture

Civil Society Organizations/ Non-governmental Organizations

Organizations working within the garment/textile industry

Pakistan Regional Economic Integration Activity (PRIEA), USAID Project
USAID Pakistan
Delegation of the European Union to Pakistan
Netherlands Embassy in Islamabad

Sustainability

Environmental

Environmental law, policy, and initiatives

Gender

Gender-related law, policy, and initiatives

13.8% of female workforce in Pakistan are employed in the garment sector, compared to 6% male. 39.2% of the workers in the garment sector are women, and 60.8% are men. The median gender pay gap is 56%.,

Sources

Sources of data provided

  1. Population: https://population.un.org/wpp/DataQuery/
  2. GDP Per Capita: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.KD?name_desc=true
  3. HDI: http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries
  4. Garment / Textile Workers: Labour force statistics (LFS) ILOSTAT Employment by sex and economic activity – ISIC level 2 (thousands) – Annual. Employment ISIC codes 13-15. https://ilostat.ilo.org/data/#
  5. Women Workers in the Garment /Textile Industry: Labour force statistics (LFS) ILOSTAT Employment by sex and economic activity – ISIC level 2 (thousands) – Annual. Employment ISIC codes 13-15. https://ilostat.ilo.org/data/# Female / Total
  6. Number of Garment / Textile Factories *Approximately - GIZ Country Profile internal data.
  7. Garment / Textile Industry Export Market https://unctadstat.unctad.org/wds/ReportFolders/reportFolders.aspx?IF_ActivePath=P,15912&sCS_ChosenLang=en 2019 Merchandise trade matrix – exports of individual economies in thousands United States dollars, annual (SITC codes 26, 65, 84, 85): Total of Garment (Textiles and Apparel) and Footwear categories; Percentage of Garment and Footwear categories per country divided by total Garment and Footwear categories, Total countries.
  8. Garment / Textile Industry Size 
  9. Key Garment / Textile Export Markets 

    https://unctadstat.unctad.org/wds/ReportFolders/reportFolders.aspx?IF_ActivePath=P,15912&sCS_ChosenLang=en  2019 Merchandise trade matrix – exports of individual economies in thousands United States dollars, annual (SITC codes 26, 65, 84, 85): Total of Garment (Textiles and Apparel) and Footwear categories; Percentage of Garment and Footwear categories per country divided by total Garment and Footwear categories, Total countries.

  10. Environment - These resources are thematic related resources on a rotating roster.
  11. Social & Labour - These resources are thematic related resources on a rotating roster.
  12. Gender ILO calculation based on labour force survey in Pakistan 2018. https://www.ilo.org/surveyLib/index.php/catalog/2549/related-materials

News on Pakistan


Hosiery factory gutted, 8 workers rescued

"Precious material in a hosiery factory has reduced to ashes in the area of Gulberg police station. Police spokesman said in Sunday that fire erupted in a hosiery due to short-circuiting." ...

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Pakistani YouTuber jailed for justifying lynching of Sri Lankan

"On December 3 last year, a mob of over 800 men, including supporters of hardline Islamist party Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP), attacked a garment factory in Sialkot district, some 100 km from Laho ...

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Soorty teams with Haelixa to trace recycled cotton

"A traceable supply chain is becoming the marker of companies serious about sustainability. Cone Denim traces its cotton with Oritain’s auditing methods combining forensic science and statistics. Mean ...

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Resources on Pakistan

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Business Resilience Guides: Guides for garment factories to build resilience during and after COVID-19

The ILO provides a series of six action-oriented guides for garment factories in Asia to navigate the COVID-19 pandemic and to build business resilience. This fact sheet provides an introduction to the series.

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Arron Goldman  | August 08, 2021

Water efficiency in textile wet processing industries

Several 'best practices' around ‘Water Management & Reuse’ are discussed here specific to the textile industry. Technical, commercial and implementational challenges of each practice are discussed.

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GIZ FABRIC Asia  | July 28, 2021

The Impact of Technological Change in the Textile and Garment Sector on Sustainable Development in Asia

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admin  | December 03, 2020

Global comparative study on wage fixing institutions and their impacts in major garment producing countries

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GIZ Admin  | January 07, 2021

Factsheet on the FABRIC project (German)

General information on the project, its goals, areas of work and a selection of results.

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GIZ Admin  | May 04, 2021