Philippines

The Philippines │ Republika ng Pilipinas

The Philippines is one of the region’s ten major producers of garments, textiles and footwear, generating US$1 billion worth of exports annually.  Although the industry went into decline from the mid-1990s following the end of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement, it still comprises around 200 manufacturers, 240 traders and over 1,000 subcontractors, and employs over 490,000 workers -of which 69.4 per cent are women.  In 2020, the government rolled out a Garments and Textile Industry Roadmap aimed at spurring the industry’s resurgence as a competitive player in international markets.

The COVID-19 pandemic has heavily impacted garment and textile exports, leading to business closures and job and income losses for workers. Moreover, despite the new Roadmap and other industry recovery plans enacted in recent years, the sector continues to face ongoing challenges related to international competitiveness and aligning industry policies and practices with wider international labour standards.

Population

109,035,343 (2020)

Gross Domestic Product

constant USD

3,269.7 (2020)

Human Development Index Ranking

HDI (out of 189 countries)

107 (2019)

Garment/Textile Workers

Number of workers in the garment/textile sector

493000 (2020 )

Women Workers in the Garment/Textile Industry

Percentage of women workers employed in the garment/textile industry

69.4 (2020)

Number of Garment/Textile Factories

Number of factories in the garment/textile industry

N/A

Garment/Textile Industry Exports

(USD$ billion)

1.159 (2019)

Garment/Textile Industry Size

Percentage of total exports

1.63% (2019)

Key Garment/Textile Export Markets

Top five countries ($USD value exported and subsequent percentage)

Country Percentage of Exports
United States 50.51%
Japan 12.16%
South Korea 7.61%
China 4.13%
United Kingdom 2.75%

Government Entities

Government agencies actively involved in the garment/textile industry

Department of Labour and Employment(DOLE)

Department of Trade and Industry (DTI)

Philippine Economic Zone Authority (PEZA)

Board of Investments (BOI)

Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA)

Garments and Textile Export Board (GTEB)

Worker Organizations

Trade unions, Union federations, and other worker organizations

Trade Federation on Garments, Textile, Footwear, Plastic, Leather and Allied Industries (TF2-FFW)

IndustriALL Philippines

Partido Manggagawa

Sentro ng mga Nagkakaisa at Progresibong Manggagawa (SENTRO) - Center of United and Progressive Workers Kilusang Mayo Uno (KMU)

Associated Textile, Garments and Allied Workers Union (ALU-TEXTILE)

Employer/Industry Associations and Chambers of Commerce

Employers and industry related associations, private sectors associations and chambers of commerce

Employers Confederation of the Philippines (ECOP)

Philippine Exporters Confederation, Inc (PHILEXPORT)

Garment Business Association of the Philippines (GBAP)

Confederation of Garment Exporters of the Philippines (CONGEP)

Textile Mills Association of the Philippines (TMAP)

Foreign Buyers Association of the Philippines (FOBAP)

European Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines (ECCP)

Philippine Economic Zone Locators Association (PHILEA)

People’s Technology Complex Locators Association, Inc. (PTCLAI)

Development Agencies/ International Organizations

National and international development organizations working within the garment/textile industry

­European Union

Civil Society Organizations/ Non-governmental Organizations

Organizations working within the garment/textile industry

HABI: The Philippine Textile Council

Balungis Women’s Association/Weaving Center

Sources of data provided

  1. Population: 2020 Census of Population and Housing (2020 CPH) Population Counts Declared Official by the President | Philippine Statistics Authority (psa.gov.ph)
  2. GDP Per Capita: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.KD?name_desc=true
  3. HDI: http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries
  4. Garment / Textile Workers: Labour force statistics (LFS) ILOSTAT Employment by sex and economic activity – ISIC level 2 (thousands) https://ilostat.ilo.org/data/#
  5. Women Workers in the Garment /Textile Industry: Labour force statistics (LFS) ILOSTAT Employment by sex and economic activity – ISIC level 2 (thousands)  https://ilostat.ilo.org/data/# Female / Total
  6. Garment/Textile Industry Exports: World Bank’s World Integrated Trade Solution data (2019)
  7. Garment / Textile Industry Size: Philippines Textiles and Clothing Exports by country & region 2019 | WITS Data (worldbank.org)
  8. Key Garment / Textile Export Markets: Philippines Textiles and Clothing Exports by country & region 2019 | WITS Data (worldbank.org)

News on Philippines


Fire hits bag factory in Bataan industrial area

"A fire hit a [DLX Bags Phils Inc.] factory building in the Freeport Area of Bataan Friday night (June 10) and engulfed the entire third floor occupied by a top exporter of quality bags and accessorie ...

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In the Philippines, designers are creating compelling alternatives to fast fashion

"For many of the country’s fashion designers, sustainability is no greenwashing gimmick. It is a lifeline. Living in a country as high-risk as the Philippines means learning to co-exist with an alread ...

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Lactation station in workplace

"My former house helper is currently employed in a garment factory in their province that employs mostly female employees. She moved back to their province so that she could attend to her children whi ...

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Resources on Philippines

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ASEAN in transformation - Part 2: The future of jobs at risk of automation

This report seeks to understand the implication of computerized technology for five Asian economies - Cambodia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam - by assessing types of occupations that have a high probability of being automated

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The Asia Garment Hub  | May 18, 2021

ASEAN in transformation - Part 5: Electrical and electronics on and off the grid

A series of six reports prepared by ACT/EMP deals with different aspects and perspectives of ASEAN in transformation.

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The Asia Garment Hub  | May 17, 2021

ASEAN in transformation - Part 1: How technology is changing jobs and enterprises

This report underlines the challenge before policy makers, enterprises, workers and those that represent them, in navigating the transformative technological changes in Asian labour markets in a way that is socially and economically sustainable.

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The Asia Garment Hub  | May 01, 2021