Bangladesh

People's Republic of Bangladesh │ গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ

Bangladesh is the world's second largest exporter of garments and textiles after China, making it one of the most important players in the global textile industry. More than 4.5 million people in Bangladesh work in the textile industry, the majority of whom are women. By 2021, the government's stated goal is to continue to grow the industry and increase annual exports of textiles and garments to a value of US$50 billion, nearly double the 2016 figure.

Legislation and enforcement has evolved significantly in many areas since the Rana Plaza disaster. These include union representation, minimum wage, and job security. Nevertheless, ILO’s International Labour Standards are still not being met in many factories. The continued growth of the industry also has an impact on the environment: In particular, the production of textiles (e.g. dyeing, printing) involves very high consumption of water, chemicals and energy.

Country Profile

Population

164,689,000 (2020)

Gross Domestic Product

constant USD

1305

Human Development Index Ranking

HDI (out of 189 countries)

133 (2019)

Industry

Garment/Textile Workers

Number of workers in the garment/textile sector

4,863,000 (2017)

Women Workers in the Garment/Textile Industry

Percentage of women workers employed in the garment/textile industry

61

Number of Garment/Textile Factories

Number of factories in the garment/textile industry

4500 (2020)

Garment/Textile Industry Exports

(USD$ billion)

27.949

Garment/Textile Industry Size

Percentage of total exports

84

Key Garment/Textile Export Markets

Top five countries ($USD value exported and subsequent percentage)

Country Percentage of Exports
United States 16.0%
Germany 14.6%
United Kingdom 9.3%
Spain 7.6%
France 5.8%
Stakeholders

Government Entities

Government agencies actively involved in the garment/textile industry

Ministry of Labour and Employment
Ministry of Commerce
Department of Inspection for Factories and Establishments (DIFE)
Department of Labour and Employment (DOLE)

Worker Organizations

Trade unions, Union federations, and other worker organizations

National Coordination Committee on Workers Education (NCCWE)
IndustriAll Bangladesh Council (IBC)
Sommilito Garments Sramik Federation

Employer/Industry Associations and Chambers of Commerce

Employers and industry related associations, private sectors associations and chambers of commerce

Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA)
Bangladesh Knitwear Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BKMEA)
Bangladesh Employers' Federation (BEF)

Development Agencies/ International Organizations

National and international development organizations working within the garment/textile industry

Better Work Bangladesh (BWB)
International Finance Corporation (IFC)
UNICEF
UNWomen
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)

Civil Society Organizations/ Non-governmental Organizations

Organizations working within the garment/textile industry

Awaj Foundation
Business for Social Responsibility (BSR)
CARE Bangladesh
Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI)
Fairwear Foundation
Oxfam International
Plan International
Solidarity Center
SNV Netherlands Development Organisation

Sustainability

Gender

Gender-related law, policy, and initiatives

11.5% of the female workforce in Bangladesh are employed in the garment sector, compared to 6.4% of the male workforce. 43.1% of the workers in the garment sector are women, and 56.9% are men. The median gender pay gap in the garment sector is around 15%.,

Sources

Sources of data provided

  1. Population: https://population.un.org/wpp/DataQuery/
  2. GDP Per Capita: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.KD?name_desc=true
  3. HDI: http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries
  4. Garment / Textile Workers: Labour force statistics (LFS) ILOSTAT Employment by sex and economic activity – ISIC level 2 (thousands) – Annual. Employment ISIC codes 13-15. https://ilostat.ilo.org/data/#
  5. Women Workers in the Garment /Textile Industry: Labour force statistics (LFS) ILOSTAT Employment by sex and economic activity – ISIC level 2 (thousands) – Annual. Employment ISIC codes 13-15. https://ilostat.ilo.org/data/# Female / Total
  6. Number of Garment / Textile Factories https://www.bgmea.com.bd/page/aboutus 
  7. Garment / Textile Industry Exports
  8. Garment / Textile Industry Size 
  9. Key Garment / Textile Export Market 

    https://unctadstat.unctad.org/wds/ReportFolders/reportFolders.aspx?IF_ActivePath=P,15912&sCS_ChosenLang=en  2019 Merchandise trade matrix – exports of individual economies in thousands United States dollars, annual (SITC codes 26, 65, 84, 85): Total of Garment (Textiles and Apparel) and Footwear categories; Percentage of Garment and Footwear categories per country divided by total Garment and Footwear categories, Total countries.

  10. Environment 

  11. Social & Labour 
  12. Gender ILO calculation based on labour force survey in Bangladesh 2017 Q1 & 2017Q2 https://www.ilo.org/surveyLib/index.php/catalog/2214

News on Bangladesh


Glove factory closes indefinitely after workers strike

"A garment factory in Ashulia, Savar has been closed indefinitely in the face of worker demands.. On Sunday (January 23) at noon, an indefinite stop notice was posted in front of the Huizhou Baijia Gl ...

Read More

ILO to assist in improving working environment in garment factories

"The International Labor Organization (ILO) and the Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA) will work together to continue workplace safety programs in Bangladesh's garment ...

Read More

Huntsman Corp set to invest $20m in Bangladesh economic zone

"A US-based multinational Huntsman Corporation is set to invest $20 million in an industrial unit at a private economic zone (EZ) in Bangladesh, people familiar with the development say. It will estab ...

Read More

Resources on Bangladesh

View All

Business Resilience Guides: Guides for garment factories to build resilience during and after COVID-19

The ILO provides a series of six action-oriented guides for garment factories in Asia to navigate the COVID-19 pandemic and to build business resilience. This fact sheet provides an introduction to the series.

View

Arron Goldman  | August 08, 2021

Quy định có hiệu lực hay không? Đánh giá tác động môi trường của ngành dệt may tại Bangladesh, Campuchia, Indonesia và Việt Nam

Executive Summary: Effective regulations? Environmental impact assessment in the textile and garment sector in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia and Viet Nam

View

সাপ্লাই চেইন তরঙ্গ প্রভাবঃ এশিয়া ও প্রশান্ত মহাসাগরীয় অঞ্চলে কোভিড-১৯ কিভাবে পোশাক শ্রমিক ও কারখানাগুলোকে প্রভাবিত করছে

The supply chain ripple effect: How COVID-19 is affecting garment workers and factories in Asia and the Pacific

View

The Impact of Technological Change in the Textile and Garment Sector on Sustainable Development in Asia

View

admin  | December 03, 2020